Understanding your dog’s body language can transform the relationship you have with them, and bring you even closer.
Dogs are able to communicate their emotional state and their intentions. Sounds are one way that they do this; however the information they convey through body language is far greater.
Facial expressions and body postures are key signifiers, and if as owners we can tap into what these mean, it can only bring about a happier dog and a closer friendship.
There are all manner of behavioural signs that your dog can give you to communicate their emotional state.
In this post I have created a visual guide as to the 8 most important messages your dog will send you.
1. Signs of a Relaxed and Approachable Dog
A relaxed dog will generally be approachable. A dog in this state feels unthreatened by their surroundings, and is unfazed by activities that may be going on around them.
- Tail Down and relaxed, it may well be slowly wagging from side to side.
- Their mouth will be slightly open, with the tongue exposed. Their teeth will not be shown however.
- Their head can be high, and ears up but not pricked forward. Forward pointed ears are a sign of an alert dog.
- Their stance will be loose, with their weight flat on their feet. They feel no reason to be ready to pounce.
2. An Alert Dog
If your dog has detected something of interest, the signals that they communicate will show that they are alert and paying attention. This is a natural reaction as your dog is assessing the situation to determine if there is any threat or if any action should be taken.
- An alert dog will have their ears pointed forward.
- The ears may also twitch as they attempt to catch a sound.
- Your dog’s eyes will also be wide.
- The mouth will be closed, with their snout pointing forwards while they smell.
- An alert dog will stand tall on their feet with a slight lean, the stance used should action need to take place.
- The tail will also be horizontal and will sway from side to side.
3. The Dominant Aggressive Dog
The above is an example of a dog when it is feeling dominant and confident. Here he is not only expressing his social dominance, but is also threatening that he will act aggressively if he is challenged.
- The tail will be raised and the hairs bristled,
- The ears will be forward. The ears may also be spread slightly to the side to form a V-shape.
- Your dog may well be snarling, with his lips curled and nose wrinkles.
- This will lead to your dog’s teeth being visible, as well as their gums.
- Your dog’s forehead may also show vertical wrinkles.
- They will have a stiff legged stance, with their body leaning forward ready to pounce if required.
4. Signs of A Fearful and Aggressive Dog
The dog above is frightened, however he is not acting submissive and could attack if provoked. A dog will often give the following signals when they in direct line with the threat.
- Tail tucked between their legs or to one side and beneath them
- Ears pulled back
- Pupils dilated, nose wrinkled and lips slightly curled revealing tops of teeth
- Corner of mouth curled back.
- Hackles raised with a stance that is stooped forward in subordination
5. Signs of a Stressed Dog
This dog is under either social or environmental stress. These signals, however, are a general “broadcast” of his state of mind and are not being specifically addressed to any other individual.
- Tail down and between the legs
- Body lowered
- Ears back
- Pupils dilated
- Rapid panting with corner of the mouth open
6. Signs of a Fearful and Worried Dog
A dog in this state will show signals designed to pacify the treat that they are being exposed to. The aim is to avoid any further challenges and prevent conflict.
- Tail down and wagging slightly
- Body lowered
- Ears back
- Forehead smooth
- Eye contact brief and indirect
- Licks at the face of dominant dog, or at the owner or to the air
- Corner of the mouth back and paws raised
7. Signs of Extreme Fear and Total Submission
The dog above is showing signs of total surrender and submission.
He has demonstrated that he accepts his lower social status and is in fact grovelling before the pack leader or threatening individual in an attempt to prevent physical confrontation.
- Their tail being fully tucked in
- The dog may roll onto their back and expose their stomach and throat, (complete submission)
- Their ears will be flat and back
- Eyes may be partly closed
- Nose and forehead will be smooth
- The dog may sprinkle a little urine
8. Signs of Playfulness
Here we have a dog that wants to play. We have all seen this, and thankfully it is the common behaviour state for most dogs.
A playful dog may also give off excited barks or playful attacks and retreats.
- Having their tail up and wagging
- Ears will be up
- Their pupils may be dilated
- Their mouth will be open with tongue exposed
- The stance will be stooped forward, their front end lowered with bent forepaws
- The dog will hold their position before breaking into a run and the stopping, jumping forward, returning and retreating. The behaviour is playfully erratic
[Photo Credits: www.moderndogmagazine.com]